Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea and vomiting may be related to the disease process, constipation, or the medications being taken. If the patient has nausea and/or vomiting let the nurse know. Together, you will determine the cause and treat it accordingly. Medications can be ordered if nausea and vomiting is an ongoing problem.
If the patient complains of nausea, the following suggestions may help:
- Have the patient sit or lie still.
- Eat small frequent meals rather than three large ones.
- Do not force foods
- Clear liquids, dry toast, or other bland foods may help
- Cold foods may be tolerated better.
- Avoid greasy, fried or fatty foods
- Remove offensive odors (foods, perfumes, aftershave, etc), sights, and sounds
- Provide a quiet, calm environment.
- Provide fresh air and loosen the patient’s clothing.
- Apply a cool compress to the patient’s forehead or neck.